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The History of Medical Face Masks – How They Have Evolved

The History of Medical Face Masks - How They Have Evolved


Patriot Medical Devices
1/26/2023

Medical face masks have a long and storied history, dating back to ancient civilizations. The use of masks to protect against airborne particles and pathogens can be traced back to the Roman Empire, where masks made of animal bladders were worn by surgeons to protect against the spread of disease.

“Face Masks” in the Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, the bubonic plague, also known as the “Black Death,” swept across Europe, killing millions of people. During this time, doctors and nurses wore masks made of cloth or leather to protect themselves from the disease. These masks were called “plague doctors” and they were designed to cover the entire face and head, leaving only a small opening for the eyes. The mask was often made of a heavy material such as leather and had a long beak-like nose that was filled with sweet-smelling substances, such as herbs and perfumes. The theory behind this was that the mask would filter out the bad air, which was believed to spread the disease. The mask also had a large cape that covered the body, which was designed to protect the wearer from coming into contact with the infected person.

It’s important to note that, despite the ominous appearance of these masks, the beak-like design did not protect the physicians from inhaling the disease, as the disease was spread by flea bites and not through air. The role of the mask was to protect the doctor from the bad smell of the infected people, and to prevent the doctor from getting too close to them.

A 17th century “Plague Doctor” Physician wearing their designated “protective” mask and attire.1

19th Century Mask Advancements

The use of medical face masks continued to evolve in the 19th century, with the advent of new technologies and materials. In 1849, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, introduced the use of face masks made of gauze to protect against the spread of infection in hospitals. These masks were worn by doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals, and were often soaked in a disinfectant solution before use.

Wotton Lodge, Gloucester: operating theatre and staff. Photograph, ca. 1909.1

20th Century Mask Advancements

During World War I, face masks were worn by soldiers to protect against mustard gas and other chemical weapons. These masks were made of a combination of materials, including cotton and rubber, and featured a filter that removed harmful particles from the air.

In the 1920s and 1930s, the use of medical face masks increased in hospitals and clinics, as the threat of airborne infections became more widely recognized. During this time, masks were made of a variety of materials, including gauze, cotton, and cellulose, and were often worn in combination with goggles and other protective gear.

The advent of antibiotics in the 1940s and 1950s brought new hope for the treatment of infectious diseases, and the use of face masks began to decline. However, the emergence of new and more virulent pathogens, such as HIV and SARS, has led to a renewed interest in the use of medical face masks.

The Modern Face Mask

Today, medical face masks are made of a variety of materials, including cotton, polypropylene, and other synthetic materials. These masks are designed to fit snugly over the nose and mouth, and feature a variety of filtration systems, including electrostatically charged fibers and activated carbon filters, to remove harmful particles from the air.

A selection of modern face masks that can be seen around the world.

The Utilization of Modern Masks Today

In recent years, the use of medical face masks has become more widespread, as concerns about the spread of influenza, COVID and other respiratory illnesses have increased. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of medical face masks in situations where there is a risk of transmission of a respiratory illness, such as during an outbreak of a new virus or when caring for a patient with a known infection.

In addition to their use in healthcare settings, medical face masks are also widely used by the general public to protect against the spread of respiratory illnesses. This is particularly important in times of a pandemic such as COVID-19, which led to a global shortage of face masks, as people around the world rushed to protect themselves and their loved ones from the virus.

The history of medical face masks is a testament to the ongoing battle against infectious diseases, and the importance of taking steps to protect ourselves and those around us. With new technologies and materials constantly emerging, medical face masks will continue to play a vital role in the fight against the spread of disease.

The Patriot 3 Ply Face Mask

Patriot Medical Devices has diligently developed and perfected one of the world’s most comfortable, protective and durable 3 ply face masks since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Face masks have evolved from the Plague Doctor leather bird mask to the modern surgical mask health care workers rely on in their day to day work life, and Patriot has been at the forefront of this technology. The Patriot American-made 3 ply mask is produced with soft, modern medical grade, hypoallergenic materials. Patriot prides themselves on their domestic material supply chain that is only possible through the advancement of medical face mask technology and well-developed companies created to better the world we live in.

 
1 Welcome Collective
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Building Better Supply Chains for Domestic Manufacturing Independence

Building Better Supply Chains for Domestic Manufacturing Independence

Patriot Medical Devices
1/10/2023

Manufacturing jobs in the United States have reached their highest number of employees in the last twelve years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.1 This clearly indicates that U.S. manufacturing supply chains are beginning to rebuild its manufacturing reach. The U.S. is slowly but surely loosening foreign manufacturers’ grip on the products consumers have access to buying.

Since the 1990s, many companies have been shifting their sourcing and production globally and adopting lean manufacturing methods to reduce costs. This globalization has led to a significant increase in global trade, which rose from 39% to 58% of global GDP between 1990 and 2019. However, this globalization also exposed companies to a variety of supply chain risks, including natural disasters, labor disputes, cyberattacks, and supplier disruptions.

As a result, globalization has slowed down, a phenomenon known as “slowbalisation,” and global trade as a percentage of GDP has decreased from 61% to 58% between 2008 and today.2 The COVID-19 pandemic and the accompanying economic crisis have only exacerbated these trends and exposed further supply chain vulnerabilities. 

COVID’s Disruption of Supply Chains

COVID-19 is not the first epidemic to disrupt supply chains, but it has had a much greater impact on global trade and domestic supply chains than previous epidemics such as SARS, swine flu, Ebola, and avian flu. The ongoing pandemic has revealed weaknesses in global supply chains, including over-reliance on China for essential medical goods and equipment and an inability to rapidly shift production and logistics in response to changing customer demand. These issues have highlighted the fragility of modern supply chains and the need to improve resilience and agility in their design. Both companies and governments are now recognizing that efficiency cannot be the sole focus when designing supply chains, and that a new approach to competitive resilience is necessary to create supply chains that can withstand future disruptions. 

Below is a chart representing the increase in profits taken by the major shipping companies in the world.3 Shipping from foreign countries to the United States saw shipping prices increase as much as 5 times the regular rate. 


How to Create Resilient Supply Chains

To improve supply chain resilience, it is important to have rapid detection, response, and recovery mechanisms in place, as well as end-to-end data-driven supply chain control, redundancies such as emergency stockpiles and diversified sourcing, collaboration between private and public supply chain stakeholders, and effective demand planning processes. Domestic supply chains are important because they allow for quicker response times to disruptions, reduce reliance on global trade, and can be more resilient to external risks such as natural disasters or pandemics.  

Leading multinationals have long recognized the importance of managing supply chain risks and have implemented strategies such as diversifying their sourcing, establishing emergency stockpiles, and collaborating with government agencies to prepare for disruptions. Helping bridge the gap in supply chains is small domestic manufacturers, many who started up during the pandemic to help alleviate supply chain shortages. Partnering with these local small businesses can provide advantages over reliance on large corporate entities. Quicker delivery times, greater flexibility, creation of American manufacturing jobs, reduced reliance on oversees supply chains, lower carbon footprint, and friendly customer service are advantages of going with small American manufacturers to build a more resilient supply chain. 

How Patriot is Helping

Patriot Medical Devices is taking action to rebuild America’s medical supply chain by creating a secure, American first supply chain. Our company recognizes the importance of domestic supply chains in providing quicker response times to disruptions, reducing reliance on global trade, and increasing resilience to external risks such as natural disasters or pandemics. By prioritizing American suppliers and manufacturing, Patriot Medical Devices is working to create a more reliable and stable supply chain for critical medical goods and equipment. Additionally, the company’s focus on security helps to protect against potential supply chain disruptions caused by cyberattacks or other threats. Overall, Patriot Medical Devices is playing a key role in improving the resilience of America’s medical supply chain and ensuring that the country is better prepared for future disruptions. 

1U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

2Macrotrends.net

3Sea Intelligence

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New COVID Strain Taking Over the United States, Reports the CDC

New COVID Strain Taking Over the United States, Reports the CDC

Patriot Medical Devices
1/2/2022

There is a new variant of the COVID-19 virus, called XBB.1.5, circulating in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The subvariant, which is a relative of the XBB variant, has raised concerns about another potential surge of cases following the holiday travel season. The CDC estimates that around 40% of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the US are caused by XBB.1.5, up from 20% a week ago. In the Northeast region of the country, around 75% of confirmed cases are XBB.1.5. It is not yet clear where this variant originated, but it appears to be spreading quickly. It is not believed to cause more severe illness than other strains of the virus.

XBB.1.5 Better at Avoiding Vaccine

There are concerns that XBB.1.5 may be more adept at evading the antibodies produced by vaccines and previous infections. The XBB variant has been found in at least 70 countries and has caused outbreaks in parts of Asia, including India and Singapore. Studies have shown that the XBB variant can evade antibodies from previous infections or vaccines, meaning that people who have been exposed to the virus may be more likely to become sick or reinfected and display symptoms. It is not yet known if current vaccines are effective against XBB.1.5.

 


The graphic above shows a climb of new COVID cases in the United States, and some predict the increase in cases is only just beginning. With a new highly contagious variant entering the U.S. it is important to remember how to keep yourself or your staff safe and healthy during the winter season.  

How Masks Play Their Part

Wearing masks is an important preventive measure to help slow the spread of XBB.1.5 and other strains of the COVID-19 virus. Masks work by blocking respiratory droplets that may contain the virus, which can be emitted when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes. By wearing a mask, you can protect others from being exposed to the virus. In addition, masks can help protect you by reducing the amount of virus that you inhale. It is important to wear a mask that covers both your nose and mouth and to use it consistently and correctly. Masks should be washed or replaced regularly, and you should avoid touching your mask or face while wearing it. Other preventive measures, such as social distancing and frequent hand washing, should also be followed to help slow the spread of XBB.1.5 and other strains of the virus.

 
 
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U.S. Manufacturing Orders and Freight Rates from China in Steep Decline as Domestic Manufacturing Grows

U.S. Manufacturing Orders and Freight Rates from China in Steep Decline as Domestic Manufacturing Grows

Patriot Medical Devices
12/13/2022

U.S. manufacturers and businesses are quickly reducing the number of products and materials they are ordering from China. Shipping and logistics managers are starting to prepare docks and fulfilment centers for a significant delay in goods delivery. Shipping carriers have been addressing this decrease in demand by adjusting the total capacity ships are allowed to depart with.

The unrelenting decline in container freight rates from Asia, caused by a collapse in demand, is compelling ocean carriers to blank more sailings than ever before as vessel utilization hits new lows.”

Joe Monaghan, CEO of Worldwide Logistics Group

U.S. Manufacturing Orders Down 40%

U.S. manufacturing orders are down 40% according to CNBC’s Supply Chain Heat Map.1 This decline in orders is suggesting that Chinese manufacturing facilities are going to shut down two weeks prior to the Chinese Lunar New Year. This is much earlier and represents less than the previous year’s highs of manufacturing working days in China. Fewer working days means less product shipped to the West, which will result in less product being delivered on time starting the New Year.  

This slowdown in manufacturing and shipping from China will undoubtedly create slowdowns and bottlenecks of product delivery. This will delay delivery of critical products needed to keep Americans safe and healthy during the winter flu and COVID season.”

Tyler Needham, President of Patriot Medical Devices

Shipping Giant’s Earnings Growth

The growing dependency on foreign manufacturing is evident in shipping giant’s earnings over the last two years. In many cases, shipping companies made 10 times the amount they made in previous years.2 This shows how dramatically underdeveloped American manufacturing really is. The United States paid the price of expensive shipping costs and even higher product costs at the peak of the pandemic, due to U.S. companies relying completely on foreign product.

Third quarter earnings before interest and taxes per 20-foot equivalent unit shipped.


How to Protect Your Business

Ensure your business is prepared for a slowdown in shipping from China by securing a domestic distributions system. Product deliveries could get significantly delayed and products and materials you need will be affected. Patriot Medical Devices provides secure, high-quality distribution of medical PPE products. Together, we can secure American distribution systems of medical products by supporting American-made businesses.  

1 CNBC
2 Sea-Intelligence
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What Makes Manufacturing So Valuable – National Manufacturing Day

Why is Manufacturing so Important - National Manufacturing Day

Patriot Medical Devices
10/06/2022

Manufacturing companies contribute nearly $3 trillion annually to the U.S. economy, based on data from the first quarter of 2022. Without them, there would be no affordable goods, no direct-to-consumer distribution companies, and no local store to purchase goods you need in day-to-day activities. Without manufacturers, consumers would be responsible for sourcing or building anything they need to go about their daily life.

What is National Manufacturing Day?

Once a year, there is a day dedicated to celebrating and showing support for American manufacturing, the heart of American economic stability.

Manufacturing Day occurs on the first Friday of October, every year. It is organized by the Manufacturing Institute, the social impact arm of the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM). Their mission to promote modern manufacturing and accelerate growth and talent in the manufacturing industry.

“MFG Day is manufacturing’s biggest annual opportunity to inspire the next generation to start careers in modern manufacturing through a series of focused events to promote manufacturing to students, parents and educators on the first Friday of October continuing throughout the rest of the month.” – Manufacturing Institute

Manufacturing’s Impact on the U.S. Economy

Here are a few statistics that represent the value of manufacturing to the U.S. economy:

  1. For every $1.00 spent in manufacturing, there is a total impact of $2.68 to the overall economy.
  2. The manufacturing sector employed 12.85 million workers in August 2022.
  3. Manufacturing employees earned $92,832 on average in 2020, including pay and benefits.
  4. U.S. manufactured goods exports totaled nearly $1.2 trillion in 2020.
  5. Manufacturing in the U.S. would be the eighth-largest economy in the world.
  6. Foreign direct investment in U.S. manufacturing reached nearly $1.9 trillion in 2020.

How We Play Our Part

Patriot Medical Devices is one of Missouri’s leading medical product manufacturer and distributor. Patriot fights the constant uphill battle of converting American consumers to exclusively domestic manufacturing. Missouri has provided a safe haven for a functional, supportive environment for manufacturing making it a home to almost 7,000 manufacturers and employer of almost 400,000 people. In the last year, Missouri has gained 2,000 manufacturing jobs. Patriot has played it part in supporting the people of Missouri by creating medical manufacturing jobs, and supplying our frontline workers with the highest quality medical products.

Manufacturing is one of Missouri’s top industries providing tens of thousands of people with quality jobs. Manufacturing Day is an initiative and a nationally recognized day to celebrate and promote your local factories. Whether you are a consumer, retailer or business, you can help raise awareness for the need to support your local manufacturer by buying local, domestic products.

Patriot Medical Devices thanks you for your communities continued support of American-made medical products.

To find a National Manufacturing Day event near you, click here

https://www.mfgday.com/
https://www.nam.org/facts-about-manufacturing/
https://www.industryselect.com/blog/key-facts-on-missouri-industry
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The Dangers of Offshoring PPE Manufacturing

The Dangers Of Offshoring PPE Manufacturing

Patriot Medical Devices
04/20/2021

COVID-19 has wreaked havoc across all regions and countries alike over the last 14 months. This rapid spread has led to a detrimental impact on communities and daily lives of people both in the United States and across the world. Even though the COVID-19 pandemic initially started as a major health crisis, it is has evolved into a serious threat to the economy, finance, and trade.

China’s PPE Supply Chain and Broader Issues

Because demand for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) increased so rapidly, the healthcare industry saw a sharp rise in prices of everyday use items. This caused many to fall into a panic, buying and hoarding items as they became available. Supply chains were put to the test with livelihoods at risk and several companies were called upon to rise to the occasion and meet the demand for PPE in America.

Even the World Health Organization put out a statement at the beginning of the pandemic calling on industry and governments to increase manufacturing by 40%[i] to meet the rising global demand for PPE. Governments were also called upon to act quickly on easing export and import restrictions and putting measures in place to stop speculation, price gouging, and hoarding[ii].

Now as life slowly returns to normal, businesses are opening back up and companies are bringing employees back into the offices – a bigger danger lurks. American companies that stepped up to meet American demand for safety equipment are now faced with the reality that supply chains are returning to offshore purchasing.

China’s government as a global manufacturer ensured that supply chains returned to its country by supplementing manufacturing costs driving down prices to mere fractional levels leaving quality and ethics unchecked at the border.

The Risks of Foreign Imported PPE

What exactly could be dangerous about offshoring production of PPE? Let us present these thoughts:

1.      Compliance issues

When Covid reached its height of panic, the FDA suspended inspections of all Chinese factories[iii] and as late as November of 2020, government officials were still calling on the FDA to start up inspection of drug factories in China[iv]. Given the sheer number of factories popping up both domestically and from overseas, it is no wonder that the FDA can’t keep up with the demand.

This means that existing factories are not held to any regulation and new factories that were set up are not being inspected. This opens the door to allowing the distribution of unclean or mishandled product into other countries.

In addition, the United States has strict labor and environmental laws in place protecting its workforce and workplace. China and other countries do not have these same laws and, as a result, create toxic work environments and contribute to significant environmental deterioration.

2.      Reliability of delivery

To cross major bodies of water, PPE must travel thousands of miles and often through sub-optimal transportation means. American buyers were frequently disappointed by late arrival of their product or the arrival of unclean and unusable product.  

Covid caused the breakdown of medical supply chains, and American manufacturers stepped up to aid healthcare workers and the general population. Creating a reliable supply chain is key to stabilizing the economy and trade. It is only through ensuring that a nation can endure a pandemic does panic subside.

3.      Bad quality PPE

There is a reason that American manufacturing has such good rapport around the world. Through relentless chasing of regulation, companies are capable of naming their products “medical devices” among various other certifications. American manufacturing standards allows for a higher standard of delivered product when compared to other countries.

Masks have shown up dirty, without any quality filter media, and with elements and chemicals that were not listed properly on packaging. Without the American standards and the FDA backing factory inspections, it is not possible to ensure that products are what they say that they are.

4.      Loss of tax dollars

Economically, offshoring America’s PPE from China’s manufacturers is leading to a major loss of tax dollars. Prior legislation requiring government entities to spend federal financial support on American-made goods has been put on hold. This allows companies to spend that money on the cheapest imported goods. These tax dollars are not being used for the benefit of the country anymore. Instead, these tax dollars are serving the countries that are already dominating the manufacturing industry.

American Manufacturers Must Act Responsibly

The current situation has drawn attention to different ways in which the American economy is becoming reliant on Chinese supply chains. Some reasons are more overt than others, however being dependent on another country at all, especially for medical supplies, is concerning. Authorities and manufacturers in the United States need to work hard to ensure a successful future in American manufacturing alongside the need of American businesses and individual to support American-made!

 

[i] https://www.who.int/news/item/03-03-2020-shortage-of-personal-protective-equipment-endangering-health-workers-worldwide
[ii] https://www.who.int/news/item/03-03-2020-shortage-of-personal-protective-equipment-endangering-health-workers-worldwide
[iii] https://medtech.pharmaintelligence.informa.com/MT126258/Coronavirus-All-FDA-Inspections-Of-Chinese-Manufacturing-Facilities-Come-To-Screeching-Halt
[iv] https://www.cnbc.com/2020/11/10/warren-wants-answers-on-suspension-of-fda-inspections-of-overseas-drug-facilities.html
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Face Masks and Their Value During Flu Season

Face Masks and Their Value During Flu Season

Patriot Medical Devices
12/17/2020

We know the deal with masks and COVID-19, but what role do they play in the midst of flu season? As COVID-19 continues to spread rapidly, masks are vital in slowing transmission rates. However, they don’t just protect against COVID-19: they are effective in reducing the transmission rates of many respiratory illnesses. The flu, like many respiratory illnesses, is spread through infectious respiratory droplets. Masks prevent those droplets from being exchanged between persons.

Research tells us that those infected with the flu are usually infectious one day before showing symptoms and around five to seven days after they start to exhibit symptomatology. In healthcare settings, surgical masks are used as protective measures between infectious individuals and staff. During the cold and flu season, pre-COVID, some clinics may have even asked symptomatic individuals to wear a mask in their waiting room. Prior to COVID-19, there were many reasons you did not see people wearing masks in the community. As the flu is not a new illness, we have many more medical interventions to prevent complications. However, as mentioned, masks are important in protecting against a variety of respiratory illnesses. Data this year shows that the use of masks and social distancing has had a large impact on the rates of the flu. The CDC reports a historical low of positive flu results, and the United States experienced a 98% decrease in influenza activity when compared to 2019. In part this decrease could be attributed to a decrease in individuals being tested for the flu, but it may also be attributed to the use of masks and social distancing. 

When the world begins to move forward from the pandemic, masks will still play a vital role and can be utilized in both the community and healthcare settings.

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Disposable Face Masks vs. Cloth Face Masks

Disposable Face Mask vs. Cloth Face Mask: Which is Better?


Patriot Medical Devices
10/15/2020

COVID-19 left us in need of masks on a scale like never before. Cloth face coverings were the creative and economic solution for many. Being washable and reusable, they allow community members a cheap and convenient way to mask up. Let’s face it, they’re much more fashionable too! So, how do these cloth masks compare to others?

In theory, any mask worn correctly is better than no mask. In covering the mouth and the nose it prevents, to some extent, the exchange of respiratory droplets. However, the level of prevention largely depends on the type of mask. It is important to first differentiate between a non-surgical face mask and a surgical mask. Surgical masks are tested to meet certain standards and approved for clinical use. A cloth-mask would classify as a non-surgical face mask. While there is no testable standard for them, the CDC still recommends cloth masks as a mode of infection prevention in the community setting. The historical use of cloth masks and prior research shows that cloth masks are still effective in reducing infection rates.

While surgical masks are overall more effective, and are considered the gold standard by the CDC, the benefits of cloth face masks should not be overlooked. In reality, most of us are not actually using our disposable masks just once. We’re throwing them back into our purses and pockets, and then fishing them out the next time we need them. This is where cloth masks have their time to shine. We can throw the dirty one we just wore in the laundry to disinfect it, and then pick up a clean one for next time. It is important to note that not all cloth masks are created equal. If you are using a cloth mask, consider the fabric, number of layers, and fit. The most effective cloth mask will have a fabric with a tight weave, multiple layers, and one that cups tightly around the face. This will most securely block your respiratory droplets from contaminating other individuals and surfaces.

If you are opting for a disposable mask, be sure to check whether it is a surgical mask or a non-surgical face mask. Surgical masks will offer the most protection, both for yourself and others. Surgical masks are tested by The American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM). They are tested for bacterial filtration, particle filtration, synthetic blood splatter, flammability, and breathability. Surgical masks are sorted into three levels, ATSM 3 offering the highest degree of protection. If you’re looking for a quality, comfortable mask, Patriot Medical Devices makes ATSM 3 surgical masks that offer the highest level of protection against particles and fluids!

 

References

https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/coronavirus-covid-19-and-medical-devices/face-masks-and-surgical-masks-covid-19-manufacturing-purchasing-importing-and-donating-masks-during

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/07/01/880621610/a-users-guide-to-masks-what-s-best-at-protecting-others-and-yourself

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/10/20-0948_article

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How do Face Masks Work?

How Do Face Masks Work?

 


Patriot Medical Devices
10/6/2020

At the start of the pandemic, there were mixed messages on whether or not the public should be wearing face masks. This left many wondering if face masks work and why they should bother wearing one. The good news is, they do help protect us! While the guidelines for COVID-19 may be rapidly developing, and confusing us all, we can look to other well established healthcare guidelines to understand how face masks protect us from becoming infected and infecting others. So, what exactly do these masks do?

 

   1. They keep your respiratory droplets from spreading to others!

The CDC outlines three transmission-based precautions to help stop the spread of various pathogens: contact, droplet, and airborne. A pathogen is the agent that causes a disease, and different pathogens use different methods to spread. Surgical masks are a key protective measure in droplet precautions and airborne precautions. Surgical masks are routinely used in healthcare settings to prevent the spread of infections such as influenza, pneumonia, and meningitis. In what the CDC terms “source control”, they outline that the infected individual should wear a mask to help prevent transmission.

Many viruses and bacteria, such as the ones previously listed, are spread through respiratory droplets. These respiratory droplets are generated when a person is coughing, sneezing, or talking. That’s right, even just by talking! If you are infected, the pathogen can travel through your respiratory droplets and be transmitted to people around you, or they can contaminate surfaces. So, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, you may be an unaware vector of the disease and wearing a mask helps you keep your droplets to yourself when interacting with others.

   2. They protect you from infected individuals!

 In regards to the same CDC transmission-based precautions, specific personal protective equipment can be used to decrease your chances of contracting various pathogens. When viruses and bacteria spread by respiratory droplets, those droplets infect you by traveling into your mouth, nose, and eyes. Wearing a mask properly helps block infectious particles from finding a home in your mouth and nose. COVID-19, in most cases, is believed to be spread by respiratory droplets. Thus, wearing a mask can help reduce your risk of contracting the disease.

Now that we know how face masks protect us, it is important to note that different masks can offer different levels of protection. The American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an international standards organization that develops technical standards for many different fields-including healthcare. They put face masks through a series of five tests to determine what standards they meet. These tests are: Bacterial filtration, particle filtration, synthetic blood splatter, flammability, and breathability. Based on specific criteria, the masks are sorted into one of three levels after they are tested. Level 1 offers the lowest level of protection, while level 3 offers the highest. Patriot Medical Devices offers masks that have been tested and proven to function at the ASTM 3 standard. Patriot masks offer the highest level of protection against particles and fluids, while also being comfortable to wear!

 

References

Transmission Based Precautions.
https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/basics/transmission-based-precautions.html

Modes of transmission of virus causing COVID-19: implications for IPC precaution recommendations.
https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/modes-of-transmission-of-virus-causing-covid-19-implications-for-ipc-precaution-recommendations

 

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Veteran is First Factory Worker Hired by PPE Manufacturer Patriot Medical Devices

Veteran is First Factory Worker Hired by PPE Manufacturer Patriot Medical Devices

CAPE GIRARDEAU, MISSOURIPatriot Medical Devices, LLC of Cape Girardeau, Missouri, proudly selected a veteran as its first factory worker hire. Patriot quickly followed with a second veteran hire, and is looking for more veterans to join the company. “Veterans put their lives on the line to protect the liberties all Americans enjoy, and we are humbled by the opportunity to thank them in a small way through job opportunities” said Patriot’s president, Tyler Needham.

Patriot was formed to help America rebuild its medical supply chain, after the company’s founders observed the strategic error the U.S. made by shipping manufacturing overseas for its PPE and other critical medical supplies, such as antibiotics and other medicines. Supply shortages, quality issues, and fraud in the supply chain during the pandemic nearly crippled the U.S. healthcare system, hindered the ability of American healthcare workers and first responders to effectively serve and protect the public, and put American lives at risk. Patriot is not only returning PPE manufacturing back to America, but it is also working to improve manufacturing techniques, advance technology, and bring all components of the supply chain back to the United States, with an emphasis on locating those supply chain components in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, thereby creating local jobs and stimulating the local, state and national economies.

Patriot Medical opened its state-of-the-art factory in Cape Girardeau in August and is now manufacturing 3-ply disposable face masks in Missouri with American-made materials. Mask customers include hospitals, doctors, dentists, first responders, schools, governmental agencies, businesses, churches and individuals. Patriot plans to manufacture additional PPE, with N95 masks being next on its list. You can learn more about Patriot Medical Devices by visiting their website at https://patriotmedicaldevices.com/ or following them on Instagram at  https://www.instagram.com/patriotmedicaldevices/.